Effects of the War
Make your own free website on Tripod.com
Effects of the War


___________

The war, with immeasurable costsin lives and property, had far-reaching effects on the postwar world. The world's economy was in ruins. The Allied powers of Europe had obtained from the United States loans totaling more than 11,500,000,000. These nations, creditors before the war, were transformed into debtor nations as a result of it. The center of world finance shifted from Europe to the US. The war was the underlying source of many of the problems that led to WW2. Many Germans were embittered by the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles and felt betrayed by the new government's willingness to capitualte. This bitterness was th efoundation of the "stab in the back" theory that Adolf Hitler and his Nazi oarty would use to help propel themselves to power in Germany.
The human and economic cost of the war exacted such a great toll on the French that their leaders were unwilling to repeat the sacrifice when threatened with another war. Though France had built a powerful army to prepare for the threat of renewed German aggression, the French collapsed in the face of Germany's invasion during WW2. As a result, France suffered through 4 years of Nazi occupation.
The Carnage and sufferage caused by the war led to widespread discontent with the old institutions. There was a growing distrust of political leaders and a dislike for industrailists, who, many people suspected, had profited from the war. The stregnth and militancy of labor unions grew. MarxistLeninst socialism, buoyed by the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, flourished. Woman suffrage movements became more aggressive; in the decade after the war, women won the right to vote in more than 20 countries.
The war and its effects on society provided themes for a number of writers. In art, the war led to the birth of nihilistic, but influenced movement known as Dadaism.

___________